Pam Grier is known as one of the most sought-after female action stars, with her roles in prison and crime movies prompting a legendary status within the blaxploitation boom of cinema.
Blaxploitation oversaw independent, low-budget, grindhouse films primarily directed by black filmmakers, become an integral part of American cinema. These films included Scream Blacula Scream (1973), Sheba, Baby (1975), Bucktown (1975) and Friday Foster (1975), all of which Grier held lead roles in. Common facets of this movement included funk and soul scores, urban settings, and, most prominently, there was an overarching premise of a black protagonist who would overtake some form of oppressive supremacy.
Leading many of these films and defining the genre was Pam Grier, who began her stardom in the early 1970s after being cast in many of Roger Corman’s exploitation films, such as Women in Cage (1971) and The Big Bird Cage (1972). Following this, Grier began to be known for her powerhouse roles in action movies, all of which she shone in, particularly in the films Coffy (1973) and Foxy Brown (1974). Soon after, Grier became a household name thanks to her recurring role in ‘Miami Vice’ (1985-1989), where she played the strong-minded NYPD detective Valerie Gordon. As the years passed, her career continued to flourish, with much of her acclaimed reputation being owed to her captivating performance in Quentin Tarantino’s Jackie Brown (1997), which earned a string of nominations, including an Emmy Award, a Satellite Award, and a Golden Globe.
Pam Grier, actress, singer, and all-around renowned cinematic icon, has harvested a career many can only dream of, with over one hundred acting credits to her name. With such dense credentials, curating a list of her must-sees is quite the task; that’s why we at The Film Magazine have curated the ultimate guide to Pam Grier’s Career-Defining Performances.
Follow @thefilmagazine on Twitter.
1. Coffy (1973)
Straight from The Big Doll House (1971) and The Big Bird Cage (1972), director Jack Hill was desperate to collaborate with Pam Grier again after her powerful performances in his previous two films. Casting Grier was a successful move considering Coffy’s contemporary reputation as being one of the most iconic grindhouse movies and featuring one of Grier’s best performances.
Coffy (1973) took a notable stance against drugs and had a woman as its crime-fighting protagonist, which was relatively rare for its time. Typically, substances and the overt sexualisation of women were glorified within 1970s cinema, with the scandalisation over both matters acting as visual eroticism rather than a critical story device.
In Coffy, sex and drugs were flipped to create a narrative that presented Grier’s character as a nurse turned vigilante, fighting against the system that caused her sister’s drug addiction and eventual demise. Grier, as Coffy, was a hardworking, no-excuses, unshakeable go-getter who would stop at nothing to restore order.
Prior to Coffy, Grier was already making a name for herself, climbing the ladder of success. Her role in Coffy helped to propel her status as a lead performer, instigating an exciting career that only continued to grow.
2. Foxy Brown (1974)
Just shy of a year removed from the release of Coffy was Foxy Brown (1974), another criminal escapade directed by Jack Hill and starring Pam Grier. The success of Grier and Hill’s Coffy saw producers desperate for a sequel, yet the rocky relationship between studios and Hill meant that this idea was rapidly scrapped, with executives favouring the prospects of a standalone feature. Despite the turbulent territory, one plea that was set in stone was the matter of Grier reprising her role as a fearless heroine.
Foxy Brown epitomises Grier’s filmography. Even in her most stern roles, playing the typical ‘tough as nails’ vigilante, she still delivers a heartfelt performance where every act of violence is entwined with passion and emotion.
The character of Foxy Brown is not just a bloodthirsty woman on the path to revenge; she is also a fully fleshed-out, multi-dimensional character whose chaotic journey comes from a place of sincerity. Whilst Hill’s writing undoubtedly aids in Foxy’s embellished persona, the film’s effectiveness is primarily due to Pam Grier’s ability to bring such passion and intensity even into the most complicated of characters.
3. Jackie Brown (1997)
Quentin Tarantino’s Jackie Brown (1997) houses performances from legendary actors such as Samuel L. Jackson, Robert Forster, Robert De Niro, and Bridget Fonda. Yet, the one star that truly steals the show is Pam Grier, who plays a flight attendant caught up in the criminal world.
At the time of filming, Grier had been causing waves in the film industry for decades, establishing a career that many believed to be set in stone. Jackie Brown proved that Grier had only just begun her reign as one of the most significant actresses of the era.
Quentin Tarantino has always been loud in his declaration of love for the cinema of the 1970s, with Pam Grier being a significant part of the decade’s influence. When casting for his upcoming hit, Tarantino only had one actress in mind for the role.
Grier could have reprised her typical role of a powerhouse, slick, criminally-coded heroine, but the actress angles her character in a way that showcases her complex talents. She is a stern, hard-headed woman capable of a major double-crossing mission, but she also maintains a warmth and sensitivity that shines through in each and every shot.
Recommended for you: Where to Start with Quentin Tarantino
Pam Grier has had a diverse career that highlights her adaptive talents. She entirely dominates the screen and demands attention, with her siren looks and even feistier characters making a film go from an entertaining piece to an iconic instant must-see. Over the years, Grier has gone from one success to another, with her cinematic status reaching the top of the hierarchy.